By Andrew P. Wickens
A heritage of the Brain tells the total tale of neuroscience, from antiquity to the current day. It describes how we've come to appreciate the organic nature of the mind, starting in prehistoric instances, and progressing to the 20 th century with the improvement of contemporary Neuroscience.
This is the 1st time a heritage of the mind has been written in a story means, emphasizing how our knowing of the mind and frightened approach has built over the years, with the advance of the disciplines of anatomy, pharmacology, body structure, psychology and neurosurgery. The e-book covers:
- beliefs concerning the mind in historic Egypt, Greece and Rome
- the Medieval interval, Renaissance and Enlightenment
- the 19th century
- the most crucial advances within the 20th century and destiny instructions in neuroscience.
The discoveries resulting in the improvement of recent neuroscience gave upward thrust to at least one of the main intriguing and engaging tales within the complete of technology. Written for readers with out earlier wisdom of the mind or background, the ebook will satisfaction scholars, and also will be of serious curiosity to researchers and teachers with an curiosity in figuring out how now we have arrived at our current wisdom of the brain.
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Extra info for A History of the Brain: From Stone Age surgery to modern neuroscience
Galen’s work represented the pinnacle of anatomical achievement in the ancient world, establishing beyond doubt the importance of the nervous system and brain in behaviour. His opinions on all things medical would not be seriously challenged for at least another 1500 years. A centre of academic excellence: Alexandria In 336 BC, the Macedonian King (Philip II) was assassinated and succeeded by his son Alexander aged just twenty years old. It was an event to change the course of history, for over the next decade Alexander ‘the Great’ would single-handedly conquer more or less the whole world known to antiquity without suffering a single defeat.
This pursuit of the truth led Galen to perform what was rare in the antique world: scientiﬁc experiments, including the ﬁrst ever vivisectional studies on live animals. Thus Galen can be considered the founder of experimental physiology, who attempted to obtain hard factual information about the workings of the body. It was an endeavour that enabled him to make many new discoveries. For example, Galen was the ﬁrst to realise the arteries were ﬁlled with blood and not air. And, by tying the ureter of living animals Galen discovered that urine was created by the kidneys and not the bladder as was then believed.
16 Plato did not use the word ‘soul’ but this is an appropriate moment to introduce it. The word is believed to derive from the Old English sáwol or sáwel, which apparently ﬁrst appeared in the eighth century poem Beowulf. It may well have originated as the Greek ‘ensouled’ meaning alive and introduced to Germanic peoples such as the Goths by early missionaries. 17 Little is known of this relationship except that Alexander always took with him a copy of the Illiad annotated by Aristotle. 18 To make matters more complex, there is a part in De anima, which has been described as the most perplexing that Aristotle ever wrote, which describes a type of ‘active intellect’ (or nous) that can be separated from the body, and is immortal and eternal.