By Roger A. Barker, Neil Scolding, Dominic Rowe, Andrew J. Larner
The moment version of A-Z of Neurological perform builds at the past version withrevised and up-to-date info in a excessive density yet simply obtainable structure to supply a brief and prepared reference for busy clinicians of all levels of expertise. Entries for particular neurological stipulations are uniformly established indicating: Pathophysiology; scientific positive factors; Investigations and prognosis; Differential prognosis; remedy and diagnosis. Key references are mentioned all through and all entries are go referenced.
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Additional info for A-Z of Neurological Practice: A Guide to Clinical Neurology
Spinal Cord. 2001;39:520–525. Anthrax Anthrax is a zoonotic infection with the sporulating Gram-positive bacillus Bacillus anthracis, usually a disease of herbivores, acquired from contact with spores in the soil. Exposure to infected animals is one cause of human disease. The possible use of this bacterium as an agent of bioterrorism, because it is relatively easy to weaponize, has led to increased awareness of its possible effects. Clinical features • Main forms of disease are respiratory, cutaneous, and gastrointestinal.
Boston, MA: ButterwothHeinemann; 2000:1595–1664 Gascon GG, Ozand PT. Aminoacidopathies and organic acidopathies, mitochondrial enzyme defects, and other metabolic errors. In: Goetz CG, ed. Textbook of Clinical Neurology. 2nd ed. B. Saunders; 2003:629–664 Holme E, Lindstedt S. Diagnosis and management of tyrosinemia type I. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1995;7:726–732 Menkes JH. Disorders of amino acid metabolism. In: Rowland LP, ed. Merritt’s Textbook of Neurology. 9th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1995:538–546 Amyloid diseases: overview 25 Amoebic infection: overview Amoebae (Entamoeba histolytica) may rarely invade the brain (amoebiasis) producing abscesses, especially in the frontal lobes or basal ganglia.
Differential diagnosis Other causes of bacterial meningitis; once Gram-positive rods are seen in CSF, differential diagnosis includes Listeria. Treatment and prognosis Antibiotic regime, initially intravenous, for example, ciprofloxacin, doxycycline, imipenem. Role of dexamethasone is unclear. Oropharyngeal edema may necessitate intubation. Mortality may be high despite appropriate treatment. Cutaneous anthrax may respond to penicillin alone. References Beeching NJ, Dance DAB, Miller ARO, Spencer RC.