Download Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery by J. D. Pickard, N. Akalan, V. V. Dolenc, J. J. A. Mooij PDF

By J. D. Pickard, N. Akalan, V. V. Dolenc, J. J. A. Mooij

This sequence, backed through the eu organization of Neurosurgical Societies, has already develop into a vintage. as a rule, one quantity is released in keeping with 12 months. The Advances part offers fields of neurosurgery and comparable parts within which very important fresh development has been made. The Technical criteria part positive factors distinct descriptions of normal systems to help younger neurosurgeons of their post-graduate education. The contributions are written by means of skilled clinicians and are reviewed by way of all contributors of the Editorial Board.

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98:4687–4692 Hossmann KA (1996) Periinfarct depolarizations. [Review] [81 refs]. Cerebrovasc Brain Metab Rev 8:195–208 Leao AAP (1944) Spreading depression of activity in cerebral cortex. J Neurophysiol 7:359–390 Somjen GG (2001) Mechanisms of spreading depression and hypoxic spreading depression-like depolarisation. Physiol Rev 81:1065–1096 Strong AJ, Fabricius M, Boutelle MG, Hibbins SJ, Hopwood SE, Jones R et al (2002) Spreading and synchronous depressions of cortical activity in acutely injured human brain.

A transient increase in HbO was accompanied by a reduction in Hb, a combination suggesting hyperaemia (Fig. 10, upper). There are clinical NIRS data from this department in one patient with TBI (hitherto unpublished: Fig. 10 lower) and from the Berlin group in two with ischaemic stroke (Fig. 11), in which the HbO and Hb transients closely resembled those seen with CSD in the laboratory. However, in neither case was it feasible to confirm depolarisation by ECoG or DC potential measurement. The potential use of serial measurements of the apparent di¤usion coe‰cient for water using di¤usion-weighted MRI has been discussed above.

36 A. J. Strong and R. Dardis Change in chromophore concentration (µM) (patient with frontotemporal contusion):- 5 4 3 2 Oxy-Hb 1 0 -1 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 -2 -3 Deoxy-Hb -4 -5 Time (minutes) Fig. 10. (Upper panel ) Time course of near infra-red spectroscopy (NIRS) data (oxyhaemoglobin and deoxy-haemoglobin) from the exposed rat cerebral cortex during an episode of induced CSD, verified by the changes in DC potential. Time bars are at 10 minute intervals. (Reproduced with permission from Kohl et al.

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