By Todd D. Nelson
In addition to race and gender, humans ordinarily use age to categorize—and shape stereotypes about—others. Of the 3 different types, age is the single one within which the individuals of the in-group (the younger) will ultimately subscribe to the out-group (the old). even if ageism is located cross-culturally, it truly is specially regularly occurring within the usa, the place most folks regard aging with melancholy, worry, and nervousness. Older humans within the usa are stigmatized and marginalized, with usually devastating outcomes. even if researchers have paid loads of awareness to racism and sexism, there was a dearth of analysis on ageism. an immense explanation for this overlook is that age prejudice remains to be thought of socially applicable. As child boomers strategy retirement age, notwithstanding, there was elevated educational and well known curiosity in getting older. This quantity offers the present considering on age stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination through researchers in gerontology, psychology, sociology, and conversation. The booklet provides theoretical and empirical findings at the origins and results of ageism, in addition to feedback on how you can lessen ageism for the upcoming "graying of America."
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Additional resources for Ageism: stereotyping and prejudice against older persons
The Associated Press. [Online]. com/universe. Grant, L. (1996). Effects of ageism on individual and health care providers’ responses to healthy aging. Health and Social Work, 21, 9–15. Greene, M. , Adelman, R. , and Friedmann, R. (1989). Concordance between physicians and their older and younger patients in the primary care medical encounter. Gerontologist, 29, 808–813. Haefner, J. R. (1977). Race, age, sex, and competence as factors in employer selection of the disadvantaged. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 62, 199–202.
Belonging, the primary social goal, concerns people’s need for affiliation with others. To foster in-group relationships, people attend to individuating information about in-group members, echo the beliefs of in-group members, comply with in-group norms, and mimic in-group behavior. These all affect the degree to which people will or will not stereotype elderly 16 Amy J. C. Cuddy people, who may be treated as in-group members (family) or out-group members (elderly people). People are also motivated to maintain a shared social understanding and control of socially effective interactions, both of which are relatively cognitive motives.
Sometimes we are cognitive misers, using our mental resources frugally (Fiske and Taylor 1984), yet we are also motivated tacticians who think harder when it is useful to do so (Fiske and Taylor 1991). Distinguishing each person as unique (individuating) requires ample time and effort, draining us of our mental assets. When we do individuate, we must attend to and process complex information. Categorization, on the other hand, is simple and relatively effortless. Based on certain salient features, such as race, sex, or age, we assign individuals to categories.