By Paul Fieguth
This undergraduate textual content explores quite a few large-scale phenomena - worldwide warming, ice a long time, water, poverty - and makes use of those case stories as a motivation to discover nonlinear dynamics, power-law facts, and complicated structures. even if the specified mathematical descriptions of those issues could be not easy, the results of a approach being nonlinear, power-law, or complicated are in reality particularly available. This booklet blends an instructional method of the mathematical features of advanced platforms including a complementary narrative at the global/ecological/societal implications of such systems.
Nearly all engineering undergraduate classes specialise in arithmetic and platforms that are small scale, linear, and Gaussian. regrettably there isn't a unmarried large-scale ecological or social phenomenon that's scalar, linear, and Gaussian. This e-book bargains scholars insights to raised comprehend the large-scale difficulties dealing with the area and to achieve that those can't be solved via a unmarried, slender educational box or point of view.
Instead, the booklet seeks to stress realizing, techniques, and concepts, in a fashion that's mathematically rigorous, in order that the ideas don't feel imprecise, yet no longer so technical that the maths get within the method. The publication is meant for undergraduate scholars in a technical area reminiscent of engineering, machine technology, physics, arithmetic, and environmental studies.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Complex Systems: Society, Ecology, and Nonlinear Dynamics
5: Energy Returned on Energy Invested (EROEI) The world runs on energy. 4, the energy crossing the boundary into a complex system matters a great deal. World oil and gas production figures quote primary production of energy, in terms of the oil and gas coming out of the ground. However all of that energy is not actually available to society, since some of that energy got expended to get the oil and gas out of the ground in the first place: Net Energy D Primary Energy Energy Expended to obtain Primary Energy What really matters to a society is the ratio EROEI D Energy return on investment D Primary Energy Expended Energy Example continues .
B) Why are coal and nuclear power plants designed to run at a relatively high temperature? (c) How does the second law of thermodynamics relate to systems theory: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Define “entropy” Why is it possible for entropy to decrease in open systems? Briefly describe how energy flows and entropy relate. Describe one way in which the concept of entropy relates to a complex society or civilization. (d) State the “maximum power principle”. What makes maximizing power more attractive than maximizing efficiency?
Dynamic Systems for Everyone: Understanding How Our World Works. Springer, 2015. 4. J. Greer. How Civilizations Fall: A Theory of Catabolic Collapse. Unpublished, 2005. 5. R. Heinberg. Searching for a Miracle: Net Energy Limits & the Fate of Industrial Society. Post Carbon Institute, 2009. 6. C. Hidalgo. Why Information Grows: The Evolution of Order, from Atoms to Economies. Basic Books, 2015. 7. T. Homer-Dixon. The Upside of Down: Catastrophe, Creativity, and the Renewal of Civilization. Knopf, 2006.