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By Richard Kraut

This publication bargains a scientific review of Aristotle's notion of future health, advantage and justice within the Nicomachean Ethics, after which explores the most important subject matters of Politics: civic-mindedness, slavery, kinfolk, estate, the typical reliable, type clash, the constrained knowledge of the multitude, and the noticeably egalitarian associations of the perfect society.

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Extra resources for Aristotle: Political Philosophy (Founders of Modern Political and Social Thought)

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Indeed, so impractical is a purely rationalist politics, that the new man, lately risen to power, will often be found throwing away his book and relying upon his general experience of the world as, for example, a business man or a trade union official. This experience is certainly a more trustworthy guide than the book - at least it is real knowledge and not a shadow - but still, it is not a knowledge of the political traditions of his society, which, in the most favourable circumstances, takes two or three generations to acquire.

And this also is charac­ teristic of almost all contemporary politics: not to have a book is to be without the one thing necessary, and not to observe meticulously what is written in the book is to be a disreputable politician. Indeed, so necessary is it to have a book, that those who have hitherto thought it possible to get on without one, have had, rather late in the day, to set about composing one for their own use. This is a symptom of the triumph of technique which we have seen to be the root ofmodem Rationalism; for what the book contains is only what it is possible to put into a book - rules of a technique.

And no fault can be found with the mechanical manner in which this greatest of all political cribs has been learned and used by those for whom it was written. 1 The early history of the United States of America is an instructive chapter in the history of the politics of Rationalism. The situation of a society called upon without much notice to exercise political initiative on its own account is similiar to that of an individual or a social class rising not fully prepared to the exercise of political power; in general, its needs are the same as theirs.

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