Download Beautiful Data: A History of Vision and Reason since 1945 by Orit Halpern PDF

By Orit Halpern

Beautiful Data is either a historical past of huge info and interactivity, and a cosmopolitan meditation on rules approximately imaginative and prescient and cognition within the moment 1/2 the 20th century. Contending that our varieties of awareness, commentary, and fact are contingent and contested, Orit Halpern historicizes the ways in which we're expert, and educate ourselves, to monitor and research the area. Tracing the postwar impression of cybernetics and the verbal exchange sciences at the social and human sciences, layout, arts, and concrete making plans, she reveals a thorough shift in attitudes towards recording and exhibiting details. those replaced attitudes produced what she calls communicative objectivity: new types of commentary, rationality, and financial system in line with the administration and research of information. Halpern complicates assumptions in regards to the worth of knowledge and visualization, arguing that adjustments in how we deal with and teach belief, and outline cause and intelligence, also are differences in governmentality. She additionally demanding situations the paradoxical trust that we're experiencing a drawback of cognizance attributable to electronic media, a main issue that may be resolved merely via intensified media intake.

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Sample text

Wiener almost appeared to anticipate his future popularity. His archive at MIT is a fascinating exemplar of a life turned into data. Carefully curated, every letter mimeographed and saved, it is as though Wiener was already preparing his life for transmission, assuming a seamless translation between personal experience and historical analysis. Fastidiously cataloguing his many failures in natural history and the sciences of empiricism and experiment, he turned to reformulating these experiences in service of another form of knowledge.

Each chapter holds together a series of objects related by way of discourse and method in the interest of unearthing their commonalities while insisting on the irreducible differences and simultaneous heterogeneities between them. Why Tell History Anyway? Technology always presents historians with confusing spectacles of obsolescence and novelty. To my eyes, trained in urban planning and public health, Songdo appears part science fiction, part twentieth-­century utopianism. The nostalgic forms of past urban developments—­a seeming grotesque parody of modernist grids and skyscrapers—­is merged with the speculative landscape of server buildings and amorphous blocks of high-­tech and biotech corporate installations.

I also trace some of the new forms of producing and imagining urban space and human interrelationality that emerged 28_INTRODUCTION (for example community gardening) by viewing landscapes as ecologies of psychic and informational interaction. These new strategies for social intervention emerged even as ongoing historical problems of race, class, and gender could now be repressed and reformulated through consumption and interactivity. The third chapter explores the doppelgänger of perception in cybernetics—­ cognition.

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