By George Jack
Beowulf, the key surviving poem in outdated English, consists in a language that's wealthy yet usually tough. This absolutely annotated variation makes the poem extra obtainable in its unique language, whereas whilst delivering the fabrics beneficial for its targeted learn at either undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. To facilitate knowing and fluent analyzing of the poem, the outdated English textual content of Beowulf is the following observed via an intensive operating word list along with the higher a part of the vocabulary of the poem. phrases that happen greater than as soon as are glossed on every one party. The inclusion of marginal glosses will allow readers who should be at an early degree within the learn of previous English to manage extra simply with the advanced vocabulary of the poem. yet this version isn't intended just for people who find themselves coming near near previous English for the 1st time; it's designed to be compatible for college students at any degree, and those that are already accustomed to outdated English will locate the marginal glosses of worth in allowing Beowulf to be learn extra fluently. George Jack's advent considers the origins and transmission of the poem, and offers a survey of its narrative elements and elegance. an entire observation on textual and interpretative difficulties, issues of grammar and that means, and issues of literary and historic context is supplied, as is a advisor to extra interpreting on Beowulf. The textual content of the Finnsburh Fragment has additionally been integrated, due to its certain relevance to Beowulf, and it really is likewise observed through marginal glosses and notes.
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Additional info for Beowulf - A Student Edition
Him da Scyld gewat to gescaephwlle, felahror feran on Frean waere. a aetbaeron to brimes farode, swaese gesl^as, swa he selfa baed, 30 J^enden wordum weold wine Scyldinga; leof landfruma lange ahte. line) B 30 Scyldinga: a name for the Danes; originally probably ‘the people of the shield’, from which the name Scyld was derived (see Chadwick 1907: 284; Chambers 1959: 77-8). 31 Since ahte ‘possessed’ lacks an expressed object the line is syntactically exceptional, and it has been extensively discussed; the various proposals are summarized by Dobbie (1953: 115-17) and von Schaubert (1958-61: ii.
Standard works o f linguistic reference are Campbell (1959) and Brunner (1965) on phonology and inflections, and Mitchell (1985) on syntax. The most substantial dictionary remains that o f Bosworth and Toller (1898-1921), though the fascicles o f the new Toronto D ictionary o f O ld English (Cameron, Amos, and Healey et al. 1986- ) have begun to appear. For Beowulf itself there is an excellent glossary in Klaeber’s magisterial edition (1950); this designates words and meanings found only in poetry, and indicates words that are not found elsewhere.
Ofteah’. e. the hall— signifies their sub jugation. Although the name Scefing is apparently patronymic in form (‘son of Scef’), it has been suggested that its meaning is rather ‘of the sheaf’, reflecting a legend in which a sheaf of com lay by the head of a child brought mysteriously by ship (see Chadwick 1907: 274-6); a story of this kind is told by William of Malmesbury, who gives the child’s name as Sceaf. But this interpretation of Scefing is doubtful, and unsupported by early evidence; see Sisam (1953a: Appendix B), Chambers (1959: 75-81), and Fulk (1989: 318-20).