By Herrlee Glessner Creel
Chinese language philosophy prior to our Christian period is emphasised during this nontechnical precis of chinese language proposal. Professor Creel additionally bargains with Confucianism, the tips of Mo-tsu and Mencius, Taoism, Legalism, and their diversifications and diversifications. As an advent for the overall reader, this ebook stands one of the best.—China: A source and Curriculum Guide"There exists nowhere else one of these well-written presentation of the most tendencies in chinese language proposal in so short an area. The textual content isn't really cluttered with chinese language names and the pages will not be weighed down with footnotes—but the references are there in case you wish them, with feedback for extra readings. it is a publication which are understood by means of those that have by no means learn anything approximately China."—The manhattan occasions booklet evaluation
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9 Confucius made some reference to antiquity, but as compared with the men of his world he was a bold innovator. He almost never justified a course merely on the basis of precedent. But the Confucians of Mo Tzŭ's day, and Mo Tzŭ himself, argued from precedent a great deal. One of Mo Tzŭ's chief arguments for his doctrines was that they accorded with those of the sage-kings. "10 Again he said: "All precepts and all actions that accord with those of the sage-kings [of former times] ... should be practiced.
18 Han Yü, whose essay on the Way we have considered, nar34 Confucius and the Struggle for Human Happiness rowly escaped martyrdom. He rose to high office more than once but was repeatedly punished for his outspokenly critical memorials to the throne. When his emperor became a devout Buddhist and organized an elaborate celebration in which he personally welcomed an alleged bone of the Buddha that was transported with great honors as a relic, Han Yü wrote to the emperor denouncing this action in no uncertain terms.
If Confucius had lived under a sage-king, why then would he not have been made Son of Heaven? "7 The reason that lay back of this theory is very easy to see. It carried the fight against the hereditary aristocracy directly to the enemy. Did the rulers demur when told that they ought to hand over the principal offices to virtuous and talented men of obscure birth? Now the rulers could be told that, by rights, they ought to hand over their very thrones, on which they were little better than usurpers.