By Raymond G. Daniloff
Connectionist debts of language acquisition, processing, and dissolution proliferate regardless of assaults from a few linguists, cognitive scientists, and engineers. even though the networks of exquisitely interconnected perceptrons postulated by way of PDP theorists is probably not anatomically homologous with real mind anatomy, a transforming into physique of study means that the posited community capabilities can help many human behaviors. This quantity brings jointly participants with various backgrounds and views to discover, for the 1st time, the scientific implications of whole-language connectionist types. Demonstrating that those types are strong and feature defined many phenomena of language acquisition, language treatment, and speech processing, specially on the engineering point, they concentration in particular on purposes of connectionist concept to behind schedule language, aphasia, phonological acquisition, and speech conception. Connectionist versions, they finish, provide a brand new interpretive framework for the dialogue of data processing in people and different animals that might be of significant application to all those that research language and search to interfere in language problems.
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Extra info for Connectionist approaches to clinical problems in speech and language: therapeutic and scientific applications
Sensory-Motor Imitative Displacement Exocutionary Modality Child repeats own reflexive schemes.
Norris and P. R. Hoffman, Whole Language Intervention for School-Age Children, p. 32, 1993, Singular Publishing Group Situational RepresentingDiscourse OrganizingSemantic ProcessingDecontextualized [Words and Ideas, No Visual Support]XLogical Hypothetical KnowledgeInteractive (multiple topics interwoven)Meta-Knowledge (conscious knowledge)IXSymbolic Imagined ExperienceComplex (parallel perspectives)Analogy (associate old to new)VIIIRelational Rules and DirectionsCompound (two or more episodes or topics)Evaluation (opinion, judgment)VIIDecentered Observed ExperienceComplete (compare/contrast/appraise)Inference (prior knowledge)VIEgocentered Own Past ExperiencePlan or Purpose (problem/solution)Interpretation (deduce from cues)Contextualized [Visual or Multisensory Support]VLogical Low Support Sensory CuesReactive Sequence (cause/effect)Attribution (characteristics, emotions)IVSymbolic Replicas, PicturesOrdered Sequence (time/procedures)Description (action relationships)IIIRelational Event-Related Action Real ObjectsListing (topic maintained)Labeling (naming, imitation)IIDecentered Attention or Action: Objects or PeopleCollection (associated topics or actions)Indication (points, gestures, sounds)IEgocentered Own Body: Direct Sensory InputDiscrete (isolated actions or facts)Reaction (reflexive response) Reprinted with permission from Norris, JA, and Hoffman, PR (1999).
P. cm. Includes index. ISBN 0-8058-2213-5 (cloth : alk. : paper)—ISBN 0-8058-2214-3 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Communicative disorders. 2. Connectionism. I. Daniloff, Raymond. 85′5—dc21 2001040208 Books published by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates are printed on acid-free paper, and their bindings are chosen for strength and durability. Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Page v Contents Preface ix 1. Language Development and Late Talkers: A Connectionist Perspective 1 Janet A.