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By Voltaire

"Pour l’édification des fidèles et pour le bien de leurs âmes, nous leur défendons de jamais lire aucun livre, sous peine de damnation éternelle."

« Voltaire est cette icône qui ressurgit régulièrement d’un tombeau vide pour exalter les valeurs de l. a. tolérance et dénoncer les ravages de l’obscurantisme, de l. a. superstition, de l. a. censure. C’est l’homme de l’ironie, usant comme nul autre dans ses pamphlets des procédés d’antiphrase, d’amplification et d’accumulation, pastichant les récits épiques, excellant dans l. a. litote, raillant et ferraillant. »

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Thu egoism from Schop ' nhauer and N ietzsche to Ayn Rand and M i l ton Friedm an , i s ant i social and therefore antid m rati . Un ' u rpri si ngly, N ie tz c he wa H i tler' fav rit , pop philo 'oph 'r. " Common decency inv l e on 'rn for othr. x t to egoism come. u t i l itarianism of w h ich we di. t i nguish thr ari t i e . : i nd i v i d u a l i s t pro. ocial . and negat i v e . Th cent rp iece of i ndi v idual ist u t i l itarian i . m i s the old h doni. tic princ iple o f u t i l i t y , "whic h approves or d i sappro e.

T h e numeri c . V al ue j udgment. have t raditionally been regarded a, s ubjecti e, hence a, i m pregnable to criticism and em p i ri cal teo t , and therefore out. ide . c i ­ ence. Whi le th i . holds for , o m e v a l u e j udgments particularly t h e ae, thet­ ics one. it fai l for the mo. t i mportant ones. w h i ch are the techn ical and = moral n rm . For in tanc ' the value j udgment m ade by m petent a nd re ' pon ibl ' physicians engineer and ocia! tec hnologi ts are exp ted to b ' obj ctive and t table.

T. i n th h um an m i nd, and nowhere e l ' . con �equentJy there i s no poi nt i n t ry i ng to change i t . The Adm i n istrat ion of George W . B u h ' ucceeded i n p ruading most American ' that the 9/ 1 1 terrori �t attack wa ' only the start of a long war, and that the goal ' of the inva �ion of A fghan i stan and I raq were to bri n g to their people ' the g i ft of freedom and democracy , a ' we l J as to ferret out the 9/ 1 1 terrori 'ts. A sen ior ad i �er to the Pre ' ident told a et ran j ou rnal i t that guy l i ke h i m are ' in w hat we cal l t h real ­ ity-ba.

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